３）日本の捕鯨外交を問い直す 石井敦 大久保彩子 真田康弘（訳） www2s.biglobe.ne.jp/~stars/pdf/Ishii_Okubo_JIWLP_J.pdf AN OPEN LETTER TO THE GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN
May 20, 2002 (The New York Times)
Despite its obligation to comply with a global moratorium on commercial whaling, Japan has killed thousands of whales over the past decade, claiming an exemption for “scientific whaling” under international law. We, the undersigned scientists, believe Japan’s whale research program fails to meet minimum standards for credible science. In particular:
We are concerned that Japan’s whaling program is not designed to answer scientific questions relevant to the management of whales; that Japan has refused to make the information it collects available for independent review; and that its research program lacks a testable hypothesis or other performance indicators consistent with accepted scientific standards.
Most of the data being gathered by Japan’s “scientific whaling” are obtainable by non-lethal means; it is possible, for example, to determine species, gender, population size, migration patterns, stock fidelity, and other key biological information without harming whales. Yet Japan’s whale research program kills hundreds of whales each year in the absence of a compelling scientific need.
The commercial nature of Japan’s whaling program conflicts with its scientific independence. Japan sells meat from the whales it kills on commercial markets and assigns “scientific whaling” quotas to individual whaling villages. These commercial ties create a profit incentive to kill whales even when no scientific need exists, raising troubling questions about the motives behind Japan's program.
Japan has announced it will soon begin killing sei whales, an internationally listed endangered species, ostensibly to determine the whales’ diet. Yet Japan has already analyzed the stomach contents of nearly 20,000 sei whales it killed during the past fifty years. There is no reasonable likelihood that killing additional sei whales now will add to what is already known about their diet.
By continuing to fund and carry out this program, Japan opens itself to serious charges that it is using the pretense of scientific research to evade its commitments to the world community. As scientists, we believe this compromises objective decision-making and undermines public confidence in the role of science to guide policy. Accordingly, we respectfully urge the Japanese government to suspend its “scientific whaling” program.