The commercial nature of Japan’s whaling program conflicts with its scientific independence. Japan sells meat from the whales it kills on commercial markets and assigns “scientific whaling” quotas to individual whaling villages. These commercial ties create a profit incentive to kill whales even when no scientific need exists, raising troubling questions about the motives behind Japan's program. Briand et al. (The New York Times, May 20, 2002) http://3500131221.blog120.fc2.com/blog-entry-40.html
Multiple analysis of the whaling issue: Understanding the dispute by a matrix Morishita, Marine Policy 30: 802–808 (2006)
水産庁の森下さんによる論文です。このような表で分野毎の捕鯨問題の歴史的遷移を大本営側の視点から説明しています。 Appendix A. Historical transition of the whaling issue: a matrix 1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s [Science] Uncertainty - Comprehensive Assessment - RMP - Competition with fisheries [Status of whale stocks] Some depleted - Many stocks recovering - Some stocks abundant enough to allow harvest [Law and Regulation] BWU-Individual species quotas- NMP - Moratorium - RMP - RMS (not implemented) [Economy] Whaling industry - Anti-whaling NGO fundraising - Mega-NGOs [Politics] Stockholm conference - Japan bashing - Brain washed "world opinion" -NGO influence on public policy - Dysfunctional IWC [Culture and emotion] Globalism, cultural clash, cultural imperialism - Respect for cultural diversity
An emerging issue in the science of whales is the role of whales in the ecosystem. When stomach contents were analyzed as part of the scientific whaling programs, it was found that baleen whales eat a large amount of commercially important fish .
その文献はこれ。  Morishita J, Goodman D. Competition between fisheries and marine mammals―feeding marine mammals at the expense of food for humans. In: Proceedings of the Third World Fisheries Congress, 31 October–3 November 2000, Beijing, Reprinted in: A New Focus for the International Whaling Commission. Published by The Institute of Cetacean Research, Tokyo. 2001.
Dan Goodman, a councillor to Japan's Institute of Cetacean Research which manages the nation's scientific whaling programme, said Japan had never said that whales were the cause of declining fish stocks.
It is now widely believed that the United States had brought up the whaling issue at the conference in order to turn the world's attention away from the US defoliation tactics in the Vietnam War which caused large-scale environmental destruction and a health hazard .
「広く信じられている」と指摘しているのであり、決して事実であると主張しているわけではありません。なかなか尻尾をつかませない非常に慎重な書き方です。その文献は何かというとこれ。  Yonezawa K. Foes of whaling lack logic. The Japan Times; 1994.
As I witnessed, and as documents in the United States National Archives corroborate, this last-minute maneuver was, it appeared, part of a grand design to divert the Stockholm Conference's attention from the mounting bitter criticism of the Vietnam War.
http://www2s.biglobe.ne.jp/~stars/profile-page.htm An Alternative Explanation of Japan’s Whaling Diplomacy in the Post-Moratorium Era 「日本の捕鯨外交を問い直す：商業捕鯨モラトリアム以降の外交目的と実態の乖離」 Ishii & Okubo, Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy 10: 55-87 (2007)
God as Genetic Engineer Carroll, Science 316: 1427-1428 (2007) 上の記事は「進化の闘士」ショーン・キャロル教授がID論者マイケル・ベーエ教授の本「The Edge of Evolution」を書評したものです。こてんぱんにこき下ろした後、ID論者をモンティ・パイソンの黒騎士になぞらえてこのように結ばれています。 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2eMkth8FWno
The knights of ID may profess these blows are "but a scratch" or "just a flesh wound," but the argument for design has no scientific leg to stand on.
The calmodulin pathway and evolution beak morphology in Darwin's finches Abzhanov et al., Nature 442: 563-567 (2006)
Collection and treatment of embryonic material from Darwin's finches. Under an agreement with the Galapagos National Park, we received quotas for collecting embryos of G. magnirostris, G. fortis, G. fuliginosa and G. scandens from Santa Cruz Island, and G. conirostris, G. difficilis and C. olivacea from Genovesa Island. To avoid causing nest defection, only the third egg was collected shortly after it was laid; it was then incubated at 100 ˚F (37.8 ˚C). Embryonic material was fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS for 2 h at ambient temperature and stored in RNAlater reagent (Ambion) at about 5 ˚C for two to five weeks. Chick antisense riboprobes (CaM, Coll IX, Runx2 and PTHrP-Rec) were prepared and used on Darwin's finch embryos as described previously. We analysed 26 heads of Darwin's finches: large ground finch (n = 3), medium ground finch (n = 5), small ground finch (n = 4), large cactus finch (n = 4), cactus finch (n = 3), sharp-beaked finch (n = 3) and warbler finch (n = 4).
Despite its obligation to comply with a global moratorium on commercial whaling, Japan has killed thousands of whales over the past decade, claiming an exemption for "scientific whaling" under international law. We, the undersigned scientists, believe Japan's whale-research program fails to meet minimum standards for credible science. In particular:
We are concerned that Japan's whaling program is not designed to answer scientific questions relevant to the management of whales; that Japan has refused to make the information it collects available for independent review; and that its research program lacks a testable hypothesis or other performance indicators consistent with accepted scientific standards.
Most of the data being gathered by Japan's "scientific whaling" are obtainable by non-lethal means; it is possible, for example, to determine species, gender, population size, migration patterns, stock fidelity, and other key biological information without harming whales. . . .
The commercial nature of Japan's whaling program conflicts with its scientific independence. Japan sells meat from the whales it kills on commercial markets and assigns "scientific whaling" quotas to individual whaling villages. These commercial ties create a profit incentive to kill whales even when no scientific need exists . . .
Japan has announced it will soon begin killing sei whales, an internationally listed endangered species, ostensibly to determine the whales' diet. . . . There is no reasonable likelihood that killing additional sei whales now will add to what is already known about their diet.
By continuing to fund and carry out this program, Japan opens itself to serious charges that it is using the pretense of scientific research to evade its commitments to the world community. As scientists, we believe this compromises objective decision-making and undermines public confidence in the role of science to guide policy. Accordingly, we respectfully urge the Japanese government to suspend its "scientific whaling" program.